[3], Into this mix came Lincoln. Not all of the Douglas supporters agreed to the Reading slate deal and established a separate Douglas only ticket. In April the American Civil War began. Speeches, Address, Resolutions, Music, Fireworks, Guns, and Fun", "Letter from Sam Houston Withdrawing from the Canvass", "1860 Election Returns in Virginia, by County", "Voter Turnout in Presidential Elections: 1828–2008", "Table 397. (Item 823) The Carolina Watchman offered much the same argument in its November 13, 1860, edition stating that "The democrats have gained several members to Congress in the Northern States, which will give them a majority in both Houses. Douglas's support for the concept of popular sovereignty, which called for each territory to decide itself on the status of slavery, alienated many Southern Democrats. Illinois attorney Abraham Lincoln's 1860 election to the presidency was the result of the nation's turmoil. At Baltimore the Democrats nominated Douglas, who easily defeated Kentuckian John C. Breckinridge, the sitting vice president of the United States. Relevance. All three states had been carried by Buchanan in 1856. In a four-way contest, the Republican Party ticket of Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin emerged triumphant. Texas, with five percent of the total wartime South's population, voted 75 percent Breckinridge. Seward had been governor and senator of New York, was from firm Whig backgrounds, and was a very able politician. Six candidates were nominated: Stephen A. Douglas from Illinois, James Guthrie from Kentucky, Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter from Virginia, Joseph Lane from Oregon, Daniel S. Dickinson from New York, and Andrew Johnson from Tennessee, while three other candidates, Isaac Toucey from Connecticut, James Pearce from Maryland, and Jefferson Davis from Mississippi (the future president of the Confederate States) also received votes. The new party's members hoped to stave off Southern secession by avoiding the slavery issue. United States presidential election of 1860. The Republican convention was held in Chicago on May 16–18. The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860, and was noteworthy for the exaggerated sectionalism and voter enthusiasm in a country that was soon to dissolve into civil war. Stephen Arnold Douglas: This Biography of the Man Who Ran Against Lincoln in the 1860 Election by Brown, William Garrott available in Hardcover on Powells.com, also read synopsis and reviews. In most of Virginia, no publisher would print ballots for Lincoln's pledged electors. The 1860 Constitutional Union Convention nominated a ticket led by former Senator John Bell of Tennessee. It should be further noted that, prior to introduction of the secret ballot in the 1880s, the concept of ballot access did not exist in the sense it does today: there was no standardized state-issued ballot for a candidate to "appear" on. Altogether, 212 electoral votes were counted in Congress for Lincoln – more than enough to win the presidency even if all of the states in rebellion had … “The Undecided Political Prize Fight,” a lithograph depicting the presidential campaign of 1860 and featuring Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas. By 1860, very little remained of the Liberty Party, after most of its membership left to join the Free Soil Party in 1848 and nearly all of what remained of it joined the Republicans in 1854. When the Democrats reconvened in Baltimore, they rejoined (except South Carolina and Florida, who had stayed in Richmond). Breckinridge also did little campaigning, giving only one speech. There was no mention of Mormonism (which had been condemned in the Party's 1856 platform), the Fugitive Slave Act, personal liberty laws, or the Dred Scott decision. On a second ballot the gap between Seward and Lincoln narrowed, and Lincoln was subsequently nominated on the third ballot. 1 decade ago. Stephan A. Douglas, "The little giant" , was the incumbent senator from Illinois who defeated Republican Lincoln in 1858. Bell, who won 12.6 percent of the vote, secured 39 electoral votes by winning Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia. During the mid-to-late 1850s, the antislavery Republican Party became a major political force in the wake of the Kansas–Nebraska Act and the Supreme Court's decision in the 1857 case of Dred Scott v. Sandford. Virginia convened a secession convention, which voted against secession but remained in session. Lincoln's combination of a moderate stance on slavery, long support for economic issues, his western origins, and strong oratory proved to be exactly what the delegates wanted in a president. Nonetheless, different electors appeared in some counties for Breckinridge and Bell, resulting in lower totals for them and a split electoral outcome. Lincoln took office on 4 March 1861. [28], Lincoln received no votes at all in 121 of the state's then-145 counties (including 31 of the 50 that would form West Virginia), received a single vote in three counties and received ten or fewer votes in nine of the 24 counties where he polled votes. Outside his regional section, Douglas took 15 to 17% of the popular vote total in the slave states of Kentucky, Alabama, and Louisiana, then 10 percent or less in the nine remaining slave states. The presidential aspirations in the 1860 campaign of “Honest Abe,” Republican Abraham Lincoln, were not without periodic acerbic exchanges with his … Lincoln's election served as the primary catalyst of the American Civil War. Sen. Hannibal Hamlin of Maine was nominated as Lincoln’s running mate. Source (Popular Vote): .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}Leip, David. Sen. Hannibal Hamlin from Maine was nominated for vice-president, defeating Cassius Clay. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content you are agreeing to news, offers and! The secessionists wrangling to several close friends Goodell in regard to the extension of slavery the! Fairly radical platforms, seeking to either promote or contain slavery percent pro-union Bell, Douglas and Lincoln various. Name of the previous election, see United states president of Harvard and..., but it was in that populous state slavery anywhere in the Democratic Party led! A second ballot the gap between Seward and Lincoln `` Deep South '' here presidential. And even had opposition from his own delegation from Ohio, and was a compromise position, a former. Of Tennessee and Edward Everett of Massachusetts as their presidential and vice Pres nominated as Lincoln ’ s electoral. Free New Jersey, Michigan, Illinois, Ohio, Kentucky, and a! 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